For instance, a cohort of women from Gothenburg, Sweden, were followed for 32 years, and no significant associations or trends were observed between incidence of diabetes and any of the available sleep indicators; however, obesity status, using either BMI or waist circumference, was highly associated with sleep problems [ 26 ].
The covariates in Model One were age, gender, race, education, ratio of family income to poverty, and marital status; in Model Two were the covariates in Model One plus total to HDL cholesterol ratio, systolic blood pressure, sedentary active time, alcohol drinking, and cigarette smoking; in Model Three were the covariates in Model Two plus C-reactive protein and sleep duration; and in Model Four, BMI was added to the analysis.
Obese women have increased surgical and possibly radiation complications. This relationship may be because of decreased screening compliance among obese women. Canadian J Physiol Pharmacol.
Epidemiologic studies conducted in the community have also revealed an association between short sleep duration and excess body weight. To learn more about sleep disorders, the risks they pose, and possible treatment options, see An Overview of Sleep Disorders. Additional research studies show that habitually sleeping more than nine hours is also associated with poor health.
Using recent NHANES data, we explored this issue and found that people with sleep disorders are indeed associated with a great risk of diabetes mellitus independently from a number of known risk factors without including BMI.
Introduction Over the past two decades, a dramatic increase in prevalence of obesity has been witnessed globally. Prevention Maintain a healthy weight and avoid obesity. Details of the survey design and measurement procedures can be found elsewhere [ 8 ]. The last two groups were considered as overweight and obese, respectively [ 11 ].
Measurements of Covariates Covariates in the analysis included age yearsgender male versus femaleethnicity non-Hispanic white versus otherseducation less than high-school versus high-school or highermarital status living with a spouse or partner: Noninvasive mechanical ventilation such as continuous positive airway pressure CPAP or bilevel positive airway pressure BiPAP through a mask that fits tightly over the nose or nose and mouth mainly for sleep Oxygen therapy Breathing help through an opening in the neck tracheostomy for severe cases Treatment is started in the hospital or as an outpatient.
The association was partially mediated by sleep duration because men who worked longer hours slept less.
Sleep duration was self-reported or measured by overnight polysomnography PSG. It is believed that sleep in childhood and adolescence is particularly important for brain development and that insufficient sleep in youngsters may adversely affect the function of a region of the brain known as the hypothalamus, which regulates appetite and the expenditure of energy.
In fact, hormone replacement therapy does not increase the risk of breast cancer in obese, postmenopausal women RR, 1. Sleep and Health 0: Bookshelf Sigurdson K, Ayas N. Those who got the least amount of sleep overall had a 4.
If a relationship between early dietary protein intake and later childhood obesity risk is confirmed, it offers possibilities for the prevention of obesity, for improving advice given to parents and for developing nutritionally improved dietary products for infants.The relationship between school day sleep duration and body mass index in Norwegian children (aged 10–12) International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 5 (3): Crossref, Medline, Google Scholar.
as hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and mental health problems. Parents who are concerned that their child is sleeping dence addressing the relationship between sleep duration and.
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, Vol. 12, No dence in relation to sleep duration: general health, cardiovas-cular health, metabolic health, mental health.
A comparison of studies conducted from to and from to determined that the prevalence of obesity has increased from 23% to 31% and the prevalence of severe obesity from 3% to 5% between the 2 periods.
4 No sex or racial group is exempt from this significant health problem. The US National Sleep Foundation provides a useful guide to hour sleep needs of children worldwide These recommendations are based on expert consensus interpretation of observational studies (English language) reporting associations between sleep duration and cognitive, mental, and physical health outcomes.
Better understanding of factors underlying the association between sleep duration and obesity is needed before recommending alteration of sleep time as a means of addressing the obesity epidemic among adolescents.
Journal of Obesity is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that provides a multidisciplinary forum for basic and clinical research. Short sleep duration. Eating and physical activity behaviors. Genetic factors are difficult to change. However, people and places can play a role in helping children achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
Solving the Problem of Childhood Obesity Within a Generation. White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity Report to the President.Download